Gwishwati Forest Reserve
Natural forests are rich in fauna species. A wide range of fauna can be found within the reserve. Four species of primates are found, the Eastern Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurtii), the golden monkey, the blue monkey, and the L'Hoest's monkey (also known as mountain monkey). Though not since 2002, a fifth species of primate, the black and white colobus has been reported having been seen. There are currently estimated to be 20 East African chimpanzees in the forest. This is a 54% increase in population size from the 13 chimps in 2008, when the GACP first started. This includes five infants. The average density of chimpanzee nests was found to be 1.473 per km2 by Dr. Plumptree. Other mammals include the red river hog (Potamochoerus porcus), the black front duiker (Cephalophus nigrifrons), the southern tree hyrax (Dendrohyrax arboreus), the serval (Felis serval), and Felis aurata. Other fauna found are the 84 species of birds, including Woodhoopoes (Phoeniculidae), White-headed Woodhoopoe (Phoeniculus bollei), Old World Warblers (Sylviidae), and Mountain Yellow Warbler (Chloropeta similis). The brown forest frog along with multiple species of toads are some of the amphibian life found in the forest. With respect to reptiles, the great lakes bush viper and multiple species of chameleons are also found live in the Gishwati forest. Other species such as Pan troglodytes schewinfurthii, Colobus angolensis ruwenzorii, Potamochoerus porcus, Dendrohyrax arboreus, Felis serval and Felis aurata are also found in Gishwati forest.
Mukura Natural Norest
The Tree squirrel (Funisciurus pyrrhopus), Rwenzori sun squirrel (Heliosciurus ruwenzori), Ground hog (Thryonomys swinderianus) and the jackal species (Canus spp.) are found in Mukura forest. Makura is also rich in birds with 59 species recorded, among them 7 Albertine Rift endemic species: Tauraco johnstoni, Apalis personata, Apalis Ruwenzori, Cynnyris regia, Zoothera tanganjicae, Bradypterus graueri and Parus fasciiventer.
Lakes and Wetlands